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The type of the file system is RAW: how to fix partition


It is a rather widespread problem: SD Card or HDD is not accessible, the type of the file system is RAW. At the same time Windows (7-10) gives notification “unable to run chkdsk on the disk”.

What is RAW, how bad is the problem for the hard drive (memory stick or memory card) and how to fix the file system error – read on.

Table of Contents

What is a RAW drive (or RAW file system)

Raw disk properties provide the following info: flashcard filesystem is raw, and it wasn’t formatted to NTFS or FAT.

In Windows partitions with unknown filesystem are marked as RAW. It happens when none of the system drivers was able to recognize FS type. In case with Windows OS, we’re talking about exFAT, FAT(32) and NTFS.

That is to say, RAW is not a file system but an error of a partition on a hard disk or any other data storage device.

RAW Disk: what causes the issue

What usually causes RAW markup:

  • disk or volume wasn’t formatted (or was formatted incorrectly);
  • the type of filesystem is not supported by the current OS;
  • access to the filesystem/disk/memory card denied or limited;
  • reading errors and bad blocks in large numbers were found;
  • damaged filesystem structure.

There are symptoms of a RAW disk which show that there’s an issue with your disk. Among them are the following:

  • The disk is read as a wrong type of data storage device
  • Windows shows “Cancel”, “Retry”, “Error” windows
  • Filesystem in apps is shown as RAW
  • “chkdsk is not available for raw drives” file system error appears
  • Windows offers to format the disk
  • Names of the files contain symbols other than basic

When does the error “chkdsk is not available for RAW drives” appear

Information about filesystem is kept in two locations:

  1. MBR partition Table
  2. Volumes boot sector

If one of them is damaged or isn’t found, chkdsk informs that "the type of the file system is raw".

Why is RAW markup an issue

You can’t access the data on a disk or perform any operations on files if a partition of the disk has RAW markup. Besides, such a drive can’t be checked for file system errors or defragmented.

As a result, you can’t access files on the drive although physically they are still there.

Note. If your disk or partition has RAW format, Windows will suggest formatting it by notifying you: “Disk not formatted do you want to format it now?”.

Don’t follow this suggestion: once you format an HDD, all the data gets lost from the RAW drive.

How to fix RAW without losing data via EaseUS Data Recovery Wizard

You can get access to the files by fixing MBR partition table or converting RAW to NTFS format. It is possible to do without losing any data or formatting.

As RAW disk still contains data, we’re going to try and retrieve it (if not completely, at least the most valuable files).

We’ll need EaseUS Data Recovery Wizard. Read on to find out how to use it for data recovery on RAW partitions or disks.

Step 1. Data recovery on RAW partition or Disk

EaseUS Data Recovery Wizard is exactly what you need:

  • To recover data on RAW drives,
  • To fix raw drive without format,
  • In case your SD Card or memory stick in RAW format wouldn’t get formatted,
  • To search for deleted hard drive partitions.

Data Recovery Wizard is a paid tool when it comes to the full set of its features.

Advice. As an option, you can try such free apps as Recuva or the ones from [this review].

1. To begin with, download the tool from its official page:

Download Data Recovery Wizard

The program is compatible with Windows 7/8/10; yet, it can be installed on the earlier versions.

2. Start EaseUS Data Recovery Wizard and in the new window select file types for recovery (or enable the option All file types). Confirm by pressing [Next].

3. If a disk partition was deleted or is recognized as RAW in the Explorer, turn to the option Lost Disk Drives.

Select the problematic disk with deleted data (Lost partitions section) and press on Scan.

EaseUS Data Recovery Wizard will perform search of files available for recovery on the given disk or SD Card.

Raw partition recovery using EaseUS Data Recovery Wizard for Windows

4. When the scanning is finished, there will appear a list of all the found files and folders. Tick the box next to the needed ones and press on Recovery to get them saved/recovered.

Raw drive recovery: saving results

Step 2. Convert RAW to NTFS files system without losing data

Once the files have been restored, your RAW disk needs formatting in order to store files on it in the future. [Here] we tell what the right way to do it is.

BTW. Windows OS allows formatting disks to NTFS using DiskPart utility. You can access to the hard disk without OS via command prompt as well.

So if you first recover data on a RAW disk, you can then safely retrieve NTFS partition and do formatting while if you format your disk first and then try getting back your data, the chances for recovery drop significantly.

If you’ve already formatted the RAW partition and want to recover data now, Auslogics File Recovery and this guide might be of help:

How to restore files after formatting


[Looping Scan]

Been trying to recover an external hard drive that has gone from NTFS to RAW with Easeus Data Recovery. The scan has been running for 3 days straight and keeps looping 2:36 due to scanning for bad sectors.

[Damged sd card format] 

I used CMD for format sd card it is not worked for it. It shows " the type of file system is RAW. CHKDSK is not availble for RAW drives" Please help me?????

[Corrupted sd card]

My SD card got corrupted, i tried using cmd and it tells me chkdsk is not available for RAW drives, and if i go to properties>tools>check, it doesn't check, instead it tells me to format it.

On my phone i can't see any pic the albums exist but all pics and videos are now a grey image with!

If i format it can I recover the videos using a recovery software?? Those videos and pictures are so important for me i'm not able to find them anywhere else or do them again"

Vlad Brown, USA, Buffalo, WY

Vlad is a professional writer. He has expert knowledge in data recovery with 15 years of experience. He started his career as a journalist by reviewing PC and mobile apps. His current responsibilities are to keep track of users' questions and answer them. 

His current responsibilities are to keep track of users' questions and provide answers to them, write proven manuals, be the website technical support and also run a Youtube channel.

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